Bankruptcy
Bankruptcy is a federal court process designed to help consumers and businesses eliminate certain debts or repay them under the protection of the Bankruptcy court.  To preserve its assets, a Borrower may file for Bankruptcy protection allowing them the additional time needed to restructure its debts and possibly avoid imminent foreclosure.
Deed of Trust
A security agreement creating a lien by which title to real property is transferred to a third-party trustee as security for an obligation owed by the Borrower to the Lender.  The lien is collateral for the Lender in the event of a Borrower default on the Promissory Note.
Forbearance
A postponement of foreclosure by the lender in which the Lender and Borrower have established a new agreement to make a loan current and/or pay off a loan.
Foreclosure
The legal process by which an owner’s right to a property is terminated, usually due to default.
Lift-Stay
A request from a secured creditor to the Bankruptcy court to release the property from Bankruptcy allowing the Lender to commence foreclosure.
Notice of Default
A formal notice to a Borrower declaring that a default has occurred and foreclosure proceedings have commenced.
Promissory Note
A document signed by a Borrower promising to repay a loan under the agreed upon terms.
Trustee’s Sale Date
The date in which foreclosure occurs and the property becomes Investor-owned.